FESTIVALS, HOLIDAYS AND OTHER ANNUAL EVENTS IN Mexico
There are a number of festivals, holidays and other events celebrated in Mexico City each year. The main ones are listed below.January 1: New Year's Day (national holiday) January 6: Epiphany (Día de los Santos Reyes, celebrated nationwide)
For the feast of the three kings, Mexicans get together with their families to share the Rosca de Reyes, a sweetbread baked in the shape of an oval ring, with a plastic figure of the baby Jesus concealed inside.February 5: Constitution Day (national holiday) May 1: Labour Day (national holiday) May 5: Anniversary of the Battle of Puebla (Cinco de Mayo, national holiday)
Celebrated as a holiday throughout Mexico, commemorating the victory of the Mexican militia over the forces of Napoleon III in 1862.July 16: Our Lady of Mount Carmel (celebrated nationwide)
The liturgical feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel is celebrated across Mexico with fairs, dances and stage shows.September 16: Independence Day (Grito de Dolores, national holiday)
This celebration commemorates the grito, a call to sedition issued by Manuel Hidalgo y Costilla, a Roman Catholic priest from the small town of Dolores, on this day in 1810. Each year on the night of September 15, the Mexican president rings the bell of the National Palace in Mexico City and delivers a speech from its balcony. When he waves the nation's tricoloured flag, thousands of spectators cry out in unison, “Viva Mexico!”November 1- 2: All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day (Días de los Muertos, celebrated nationwide)
With festivities that combine Christian and native traditions, this two-day celebration is a very important event for the Mexican people. They evoke and pay tribute to the memory of their dearly departed with a festive celebration through prayer, song, music and dance.December 12: Our Lady of Guadalupe (national holiday)
Celebration of Mexico's patron saint. Festivities throughout Mexico City and around the country include shows, dancing, concerts etc.December 25: Christmas (national holiday)
CLIMATE AND WEATHER IN MexicoMexico City has a temperate climate influenced by its high altitude of 2,250 metres (7,382 feet). Winters (from December to March) are mild and rather dry. Spring (from April to June) is the season with the highest temperatures and summer (from June to September) the rainy season. North-easterly trade winds frequently sweep through the city in February and March.
|Month||Min. Average Temperature (°C/F°)||Max. Average Temperature (°C/F°)||Average Rains (MM)||Best Time to Travel|
|January||6/43||21/70||8/0.3||Not the best period to go|
|February||7/45||23/73||6/0.2||Not the best period to go|
|March||9/48||25/77||10/0.4||Not the best period to go|
|April||10/50||27/81||23/0.9||Good period to go|
|May||11/52||26/79||56/2.2||Good period to go|
|June||12/54||25/77||134/5.3||Not the best period to go|
|July||11/52||23/73||161/6.3||Not the best period to go|
|August||11/52||23/73||153/6.0||Not the best period to go|
|September||12/54||22/72||127/5.0||Not the best period to go|
|October||10/50||22/72||54/2.1||Not the best period to go|
|November||8/46||21/70||12/0.5||Good period to go|
|December||6/43||21/70||7/0.3||Good period to go|
Mexico City Benito Juárez International Airport
Mexico City's International Airport, the largest and busiest in Mexico, and the second busiest in all of Latin America by passenger traffic, is located about 13 kilometres (8 miles) north-east of the city centre.
- Two terminals:
- Terminal 1 (Air France)
- Terminal 2
Getting from the airport to Mexico City and back:
- By car
- Accessible via Avenida Frey Servando Teresa de Mier.
- There are 3 short- and long-term parking facilities at the airport, with a capacity of 5,000 spaces (MXN 22 for 30 minutes, MXN 288 for 1 day).
- Several car rental companies have counters in the arrivals hall.
- By rail
- A Metro station is located next to the airport in Zone A. Take line 5 to reach Mexico City's centre and Pantitlán, where you can change to Line 1. Get off at the Insurgentes station. A single ticket costs MXN 3.
- AICM Bus line from the airport to the city centre. Leaves from Terminal D. One-way ticket fare is MXN 6.
- By Metrobús
- Line 4 connects the airport with San Lázaro station, where you can pick up Line 1 or Line B of the Metro. The fare for this airport service provided by Metrobús is MXN 30 each way and payment must be made in Terminals 1 and 2. Operated from 4:30 a.m. to midnight Monday to Saturday and from 5:00 to midnight on Sunday.
- By taxi
- Official ‘Sitio 300' taxis (yellow and white, bearing an airplane logo). You can prepay at the Transportaciòn terrestre counter located next to baggage claim. Fares to central Mexico City run about MXN 127.
- Services: shops, bars and restaurants, free Internet access (Wi-Fi) available in the airport.
- Telephone: : +52 55 2482 2424 / + 52 55 2482 2400
- Website: http://www.aicm.com.mx
GETTING AROUND Mexico
Mexico City is a huge metropolis, one of the world's largest, with a population of over 20 million. Fortunately, the Mexican capital has a particularly well-developed and efficient public transport system.
Mexico City's Metro has twelve lines, covering a total route length of about 225 kilometres (140 miles). Both modern and fast, it serves the entire metropolitan area. At rush hours, the first car is reserved for women and children. A single ticket costs MXN 3.
Metrobús currently operates 4 routes, with the main one (Line 1) running along Avenida de los Insurgentes. A single ticket costs MXN 6.
By light rail
Mexico City's light rail network, runs over a total distance of 13 kilometres (8 miles), and has 18 stations in the city centre. A single ticket costs MXN 3.
Taxis are available for hire throughout the city. Fares for trips between destinations are calculated on the basis of established fare zones. Expect to pay between MXN 100 and MXN 200 for a medium-distance trip in the city centre.
Upon your arrival in Mexico City, you can get in touch with local tourism professionals for further information and to help organise your stay.Mexico Tourism Board
Offers practical information and useful recommendations (accommodation, restaurants, public transport, festivals, cultural events, etc.).
- Address: Viaducto Presidente Miguel Alemán 105, Col. Escandón, Mexico City, C.P. 11800
- Telephone: +52 55 5278 4200
- Website: http://www.visitmexico.com
Currency and Exchange Rates
The official currency in Mexico is the Mexican Peso (MXN).
1 USD = 18.84 MXN
1 MXN = 0.05 USD
The above exchange rate is given for information because is variable.
See your doctor before you travel. Mexico has an excellent health care system, but costs are high. It is therefore recommended that you obtain insurance covering health care expenses as well as medical evacuation or repatriation before you leave home.Vaccinations
Visitors arriving from countries where yellow fever is endemic must show proof of yellow fever vaccination, usually documented on an International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis (ICVP). Obtaining a booster vaccination against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and polio is recommended. For more information, contact Air France's international vaccination centre:
- Address: 38 Quai de Jemmapes 75010 Paris
- Website: http://www.vaccinations-airfrance.fr
- Telephone: +33 (0)1 43 17 22 00
- To make a vaccination appointment:
- online (click here)
- call the centre at +33 (0)1 43 17 22 00
The problems that you are likely to face at high altitude depend on your body's ability to adapt to changes in atmospheric conditions. If you have heart disease or a respiratory disorder, you should consult with your doctor before visiting Mexico City. All visitors should be aware that an adaptation period is often necessary.Water
Tap water is not safe to drink. Favour bottled mineral water instead.
Travellers visiting Mexico for tourism purposes and carrying proof of permanent residence in various countries do not need a visa if they will be staying for less than 180 days. For more information, please check the Mexican Government portal: http://www.gob.mx/inm
To enjoy peace of mind during your stay in Mexico, visit the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of your country.
Here are a few basic Spanish phrases that will make your stay in Mexico City a little easier:
Good day / Good morning: ¡Buenos días!
Good afternoon / Good evening: ¡Buenas tardes!
Good evening / Good night: Buenas noches
See you (later): ¡Hasta luego!
No, thank you: No, gracias
Thank you very much: Muchas gracias
I don't understand: No entiendo
Could you repeat that?: ¿Puede repetir?
Please: Por favor
What time is it?: ¿Que hora es?
Excuse me: Disculpe (to say sorry) / Con permiso (to get past) / ¡Por favor! (to get attention).
Train station: Estación de trenes
I'm (…): Yo soy (…).
I'm looking for (…): Estoy buscando (…).
How much is it?: ¿Cuánto es?
Do you have (…)?: ¿Tiene (…)?
Where can I find (…)?: ¿Dónde puedo encontrar (…)?
Where can I buy (…)?: ¿Dónde puedo comprar (…)?
I'd like (…): Quisiera (…).
Good to know
of time difference with
End of daylight saving time: last Sunday in October
Usually open Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Usually open Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 1 pm. and 2 p.m. to 6 p.m.
Leaving a tip, called a propina, is expected in Mexico City. In bars and restaurants, it is customary to tip between 10 and 15 percent of the bill. However, before leaving a tip, check the bill to make sure that a gratuity or service charge is not already included.